He was the only Indian astronomer who discovered all three irregularities of the moon independently of European astronomers, which were unknown to ancient Indian astronomers.
Mahamahopadhyaya Chandrasekhara Singha Harichandana Mahapatra Samanta popularly known as
" Pathani Samanta " was an Indian astronomer and scholar who measured the distance from the Earth to the Sun with a bamboo pipe, and traditional instruments. He was born on 13 December 1835 in Purnimanta Pousha Krishna Ashtami, and died on 11 June 1904 in Purnimanta Adhika Jyeshtha Krishna Trayodashi.
His research and observations were compiled into a book called ' Siddhanta Darpana ', which was written in both Sanskrit and the Odia script. He earned the Mahamahopadhyaya Award in 1893, for his usage of traditional instruments for astronomical observations
Samanta was born in the princely state of Khandpara, in the Nayagarh district of the Indian state of Odisha.He was the son of Samanta Syamabandhu Singha and Bishnumali Devi. He was born into a royal family. He went on to study Sanskrit, and later researched traditional Indian astronomy.
During his youth, Samanta measured the length of the shadows throughout the day by using bamboo and wood to create measuring instruments, which he called mana yantra. He also measured time by using his version of a sundial.
Samanta was a self-taught astronomer, and learnt by reading the books available at the Royal Library until the age of 15. During his research, Samanta designed many of his instruments by using everyday materials such as wooden sticks and bamboo. After studying mathematics and traditional astronomy he used his knowledge to match predictions made by ancient Indian mathematicians and astronomers such as Aryabhata, Varahamihira, and Brahmagupta.
He carried out research in measurements using only a bamboo pipe and two wooden sticks. Samanta’s calculations were eventually used in the preparation of almanacs in Odisha. His findings were recorded in his book titled Siddhanta Darpana and were mentioned in the European and American press in 1899.
3 posts • Page 1 of 1